How to write a literature review?

Have you ever, come across a situation, where you needs to write a literature review? May be for your dissertation work or for the Ph.D thesis writing. Well, first let us try to understand what a literature review is and what the essentials of a literature review are.

A literature review is a text of a scholarly paper. It is an account of what has been published on a topic by accredited researchers and scholars.Literature reviews generally use secondary sources, and do not report new or original experimental work, and therefore, it includes the current knowledge including substantive findings, as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to any particular topic.

How to write a literature review?

First point to be considered while writing a literature review is the purpose of writing the same. Yes, what is the purpose of writing a literature review? An author shall have clarity in this regard;else, the purpose will be defeated. In this regard, author shall clearly identify key ideas across the literature, and understand the current thinking. Further, the author shall put all reasonable effort to find a ‘gap’ for research.

Secondly, it should be kept in mind that, the audience who are expected to read the literature review are;Researchers, Academicians and fellow Professors. Hence, your literature review shall be of that standard, keeping the audience in mind.

Third, the tone of the language you use to write a review of literature. It shall be formal and objective oriented. Further, review of literature shall be tentative opinions based on text.

Last but not the least, the structure of literature review. Introduction, body and conclusion part of the literature review shall be without any headings or sub-headings. It is essential to include the explanation of similarities and differences. Further, a literature review shall also include a critical comment on the specific area of research.

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