Trial by media: perverting the course of justice

Deeksha Malik and Harsha Jeswani1.

  1. Students of Law, National Law Institute University, Bhopal []
  2. Frankfurter J of the US Supreme Court in Pennekamp v. Florida, 328 US 331 (1946). []
  3. Indian Express Newspapers (Bombay) Pvt. Ltd. v. Union of India 1985(2) SCR 287 []
  4. Universal Declaration of Human Rights, G.A. Res. 217 (III) A, U.N. Doc. A/RES/217(III) (Dec. 10, 1948). []
  5. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Dec. 16, 1966, S. Exec. Rep. 102-23, 999 U.N.T.S. 171 []
  6. See Express Newspaper v. Union of India, (1959) SCR 12; Bennett and Coleman v. Union of India, AIR 1973 SC 106; Indian Express Newspaper v. Union of India, (1985)1SCC 641. []
  7. AMARTYA SEN, DEVELOPMENT AND FREEDOM 180-181 (Oxford University Press 1999). []
  8. Amarinder Singh v. Parkash Singh Badal, (2009) 6 SCC 260. []
  9. Zahira Habibulla Sheikh v. State of Gujarat, (2004) 4 SCC 158. []
  10. R.Rajagopal v. State of Tamil Nadu, (1994) 6 SCC 632. []
  11. Sonal Makhija, Privacy &Media Law, THE CENTRE FOR INTERNET AND SOCIETY (Oct. 20, 2014, 10:00 AM), http://cis-india.org/internet-governance/blog/privacy/privacy-media-law. []
  12. See WAYNE OVERBECK & GENELLE BELMAS, MAJOR PRINCIPLES OF MEDIA LAW 312-313 (Cengage Learning 2011). []
  13. Mayola v. Alabama, 623 F.2d 992 (1980). []
  14. Dr. Rajesh Talwar And Another v. Central Bureau Of Investigation, 2013 (82) ACC 303. []
  15. Aarushi Talwar: India’s ‘most talked-about’ murder verdict, BBC NEWS (Oct. 28, 2014, 04:30 PM), http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-24987305. []
  16. Aarushi murder case: SC slams ‘sensationalist’ media, THE INDIAN EXPRESS (Oct. 28, 2014, 01:00 PM), http://archive.indianexpress.com/news/aarushi-murder-case-sc-slams-sensationalist-media/658048/. []
  17. Supra note 16. []
  18. Mohd. Afzal v. State (NCT of Delhi), (2005) 11 SCC 600. []
  19. Shuddhabrata Sengupta,  A Political Hanging: Nirmalangshu Mukherji, KAFILA (Oct. 26, 2014, 03:00 PM), http://kafila.org/2013/03/18/a-political-hanging-nirmalangshu-mukherji/. []
  20. Mohd. Afzal, supra note 19, at 760. []
  21. Excerpt from Afzal Guru’s clemency petition before Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, “An Application under

    Article 72 of the Constitution of India for grant of pardon/remission of death sentence of Mohammad Afzal”. See NANDITA HAKSAR, THE AFZAL PETITION: A QUEST FOR JUSTICE 24 (Bibliophile South Asia 2007). []

  22. Zehra Khan, Trial-by-Media: Derailing Judicial Process in India, 1NALSAR MLR 90, 104 (2010). []
  23. State of Maharashtra v. R.J. Gandhi, (1997) 8 SCC 386. []
  24. Anukul Chandra Pradhan v. Union of India & Ors, 1996 (6) SCC 354. []
  25. Sahara India Real Estate Corp. Ltd. & Ors. v. Securities & Exchange Board of India & Anr., (2012) 10 SCC 603. []
  26. Id. at 719. []
  27. Id. at 715. []
  28. Id. at 721. []
  29. Id. at 722. []
  30. Amartya Sen, The glory and the blemishes of the Indian news media, THE HINDU (Oct. 25, 2014, 6 PM), http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-opinion/the-glory-and-the-blemishes-of-the-indian-news-media/article2782016.ece. []
  31. Manu Sharma v. State (NCT of Delhi), AIR 2010 SC 2352. []
  32. Lisette Alvarez, Justice for Jessica: A Human Rights Case Study on Media Influence, Rule of Law, and Civic Action in India, THE FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY (Oct. 30, 2014, 10:00 PM), http://diginole.lib.fsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1046&context=uhm. []
  33. Id.at 6. []
  34. Sanjeev Nanda’s friend acquitted , THE HINDU, September 3, 2008, at 1. []
  35. 200th Report on Trial by Media: Free Speech and Fair Trial under Criminal Procedure Code, 1973, LAW COMMISSION OF INDIA (Oct. 24, 2014, 05:30 PM). []
  36. Id. at 12. []
  37. Id. at 232. []
  38. Norms of Journalistic Conduct, PRESS COUNCIL OF INDIA (Nov. 02, 2014, 01:30 PM). []
  39. Id. at 7. []
  40. Id. at 26. []

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