Juvenile Delinquency Laws in India and Emerging Issues

Saumyata Panwar, Student, B.B.A. L.L.B.(Hons.), Batch of 2012-2017, Gujarat National Law University

  1. U.N. General Assembly, United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice, Res. 40/33, Sess. 40, A/RES/40/33, 3, (29/11/1985) available at https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/145271NCJRS.pdf last seen on 27/05/2014 []
  2. Ibid []
  3. U.N. General Assembly, United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty, Res. 45/113, Sess. 45, A/RES/45/113 (14/12/1990) available at http://www.crin.org/docs/UN_JJ_standards.doc  last seen on 21/04/2014 []
  4. U.N. General Assembly, United Nations Guidelines for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency (The Riyadh Guidelines), Res. 45/112, Sess. 45, A/RES/45/112 (14/12/1990) available at http://www.crin.org/docs/resources/publications/HRBAP/IHCRC/UnitedNationsGuidelinesforthePreventionofJuvenileDelinquency.pdf last seen on 21/04/2014 []
  5. Economic Social Council, Guidelines for Action on Children in the Criminal Justice System- Economic and Social, Res. 1997/30, Sess. 18,  E/RES/1997/30 (21/7/1997) available at http://www.un.org/en/pseataskforce/docs/guidelines_on_justice_in_matters_involving_child_victims_and.pdf last seen at 15/05/2014 []
  6. Economic Social Council, Guidelines on Justice in Matters involving Child Victims and Witnesses of Crime- Economic and Social, Res. 2005/20, Sess. 14,  E/RES/2005/30 (22/7/2005) available at http://www.un.org/en/pseataskforce/docs/guidelines_on_justice_in_matters_involving_child_victims_and.pdf last seen at 15/05/2014 []
  7. Art. 39(f), the Constitution of India []
  8. Art. 45, the Constitution of India []
  9. Section 2(k), Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 []
  10. Pratap Singh v. State of Jharkhand and Anr., AIR 2005 SC 2731 []
  11. Section 2(l), Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 []
  12. Section 21, Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 []
  13. Section 15, Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 []
  14. Section 4(1), Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 []
  15. Section 14, Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 []
  16. Section 4(3), Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 []
  17. Section 8(1). Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 []
  18. Asian Centre for Human Rights, India’s Hell Holes: Child Sexual Assault in Juvenile Justice Homes (March 2013) , http://www.scribd.com/doc/137150275/India-s-Hell-Holes-Child-Sexual-Assault-in-Juvenile-Justice-Homes []
  19. Section 29, Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 []
  20. Section 34,  Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 []
  21. Section 39, Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 []
  22. Section 61, Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 []
  23. F. Ferrara and V. Ferrara, The Children’s Prison: Street Children and India’s Juvenile Justice System, 9 (2005). []
  24. S. Farooqui, Reforming the juvenile (homes) first, DNA, Bangalore (September 2, 2013), http://www.dnaindia.com/analysis/standpoint-reforming-the-juvenile-homes-first-1883447 []
  25. Supra 18 []
  26. F. RUSH, BEST KEPT SECRET- SEXUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN, 7 (1980). []
  27. HAQ: CENTRE FOR CHILD RIGHTS, BUDGET FOR CHILDREN 2013-14, A FIRST GLANCE, 6 (2013). []
  28. Pamposh Raina, Life in India’s Juvenile Homes, New York Times (August 1, 2013), http://india.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/08/01/life-in-indias-juvenile-homes/?_php=true&_type=blogs&_r=0 []
  29. Supra 1, at 4 []
  30. Section 15(1)(f), Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 []
  31. C. A. Hartjen and S. Priyadarsini, Delinquency In India – A Comparative Analysis (1984), https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=93313 []
  32. T. J. Bernard, Cycle Of Juvenile Justice (1992), https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=133564 []
  33. AIR 2013 SC 3743 []
  34. A. V. CICOUREL, THE SOCIAL ORGANIZATION OF JUVENILE JUSTICE, 120 (1995). []
  35. R LOHRLR, D.P. FARRINGTON AND J.  JUSTICE,   NEVER TOO EARLY, NEVER TOO LATE: RISK FACTORS AND SUCCESSFUL INTERVENTIONS FOR SERIOUS AND VIOLENT JUVENILEOFFENDERS, 2 (1998). []
  36. J. C. Howell, Guide For Implementing The Comprehensive Strategy For Serious, Violent, And Chronic Juvenile Offenders, Office Of Juvenile Justice And Delinquency Prevention
    US Dept Of Justice (1995). []

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