The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006

THE PROHIBITION OF CHILD MARRIAGE ACT, 2006 NO. 6 OF 2007 [10th January, 2007.] An Act to provide for the prohibition of solemnisation of child marriages and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. BE it enacted by Parliament in the Fifty-seventh Year of the Republic of India as follows:- 1. Short title, extent and commencement.- (1) This...

Rights of a Prisoner

Less than 200 years ago, the attitude to prisons, prisoners and punishment was brutal and barbaric. Recognition of the human being in the convicted offender is an idea that has been accepted after a long struggle with the state. The Indian socio-legal system is based on non-violence, mutual respect and human dignity of the individual. If a person commits...

Women’s Rights in India

Self-appointed guardians of “culture” have routinely targeted women in India because of the prevailing notion that there are certain boundaries for women in “public spaces”. According to Women in Modern India by the historian Geraldine Forbes, attitudes to women’s rights in India began to change in the 19th century with an understanding of European...

The National Commission For Women, Its Constitution, Powers And Functions

Author : Aakarsh Kamra The National Commission for Women was set up as statutory body in January 1992 under the National Commission for Women Act, 1990 ( Act No. 20 of 1990 of Govt. of India ) to review the Constitutional and legal safeguards for women; recommend remedial legislative measures, facilitate the redress of grievances and advise the Government...

Financial Literacy

Author : Aditya Patnaik Meaning of Financial Literacy: Financial literacy refers to the knowledge required for managing personal finance. It does not refer to formal education in finance. Instead it encompasses an understanding of how to use credit responsibly, manage money, minimize financial risks and derive long-term benefits of savings. Thus, it is...

Status of Women In India – A Historical Perspective

Author: Aakarsh Kamra The status of women in India is explained by Manu who is believed to be the Law giver according to the Hindu Mythology, ‘Na Stree Swatatramarhati’ i.e. a woman does not deserve independence. Further it is provided that a woman was made from a crooked rib and if you try to bend it straight it will break, therefore treat the woman...

Joint Family System – A New Model

The concept of nuclear family is gaining more and more acceptance in today’s world. While the system does provide a method for creating an identity for yourself, it has its fallacies too. The usefulness and the best way to apply the joint family system effectively in order to overcome the fallacies of the joint family system are discussed here in under. One...

International Trade and Food Security

Increased international food trade means that countries share the responsibility for food safety, which pertains all along the food supply chain from producers to consumers. With increased international food trade, this supply chain transcends international borders. Consumers benefit from worldwide trade through lower prices, year-round supplies, and a greater...

Promissory Note

Section 4 of the Negotiable Instrument Act, 1881 speaks about Promissory Note. Under this section, a Promissory Note means, an instrument in writing, containing an unconditional undertaking signed by the maker to pay a certain sum of money only to or to the order of certain person or to the bearer of the instrument, not being a bank note or currency note. For...

Cyber Extortion or Extortion through Internet

Author: Shashank Singh It’s a new twist on an old racket that has haunted businesses for centuries — “Give us money or we’ll shut you down” [LARRY MAGID] The trend of common citizen using Internet will keep growing and soon everyone will be “Netizens” by choice or by force. Sooner or later, every one of us will not only be using the Internet...

Live-in Relationship: Recent Developments in Indian Context

Author : Swapan Deb Barma In an observation that will cheer votaries of pre-marital sex and live-in partners, the Honourable Supreme Court Of India opined that a man and women living together without marriage cannot construed as an offence. India is a country, which is slowly opening its doors for western ideas and lifestyles and one of the most crucial...

Protection of Scheduled Tribes Under Indian Constitution

Author : Swapan Deb Barma Indian Scheduled Tribes are group of Tribal communities and was given the name ‘Scheduled Tribes’ during the Post-Independence period, under the Indian Constitution . The term ‘Scheduled Tribes’ refers to specific indigenous peoples whose status is acknowlegdged to some formal degree by National Legislation. A collective...

SEBI v/s IRDA : Does India Require a Super Regulator?

Author : VS Warrier Unit Linked Insurance Plan (i.e. ULIP) is a Scheme combining benefits of Life Insurance as well as Investment in the stock market. In ULIP, part of the premium amount is paid towards Life Insurance while the rest (after Administrative Charges) is invested in the Stock Market. Therefore, ULIP provides the financial safety as well as opportunity...

Rights Of Children Who Are Victim Of HIV AIDS

Author : Swapan Deb Barma Whether the children of AIDS (HIV) victim get same treatment without being discriminated in comparison with normal children. Let’s have a look on this issue United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) is committed to protecting every child from violence, exploitation, abuse and discrimination. But given prevailing social, economic and cultural...

Negotiation and Conciliation

Author : VS Warrier “A legal adjudication may be flawless but heartless but a negotiated settlement will be satisfying, even if it departs from the strict law” – JUSTICE KRISHNA IYER. These profound words of Krishna Iyer signify the importance of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) in general and negotiation in particular. The foremost and the...

Danger of Deploying Weapon and Nuclear Power in Space

Author : Prashant R Dahat A nuclear weapon is a weapon which derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions of fission or fusion. As a result, even a nuclear weapon with a relatively small yield is significantly more powerful than the largest conventional explosives, and a single weapon is capable of destroying an entire city. In the history of warfare,...

Securities and Insurance Laws (Amendment and Validation) Act, 2010 (No. 26 of 2010)*

An Act further to amend the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934, the Insurance Act, 1938, the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956 and the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992. Be it enacted by Parliament in the Sixty-first Year of the Republic of India as follows: – CHAPTER I Preliminary Short title and commencement 1. (I) This Act may...

The Securities and Insurance Laws (Amendment and Validation) Ordinance & Act, 2010

Author : VS Warrier The Securities and Insurance Laws (Amendment and Validation) Ordinance, 2010 The conflict between the two major regulators viz. SEBI and IRDA, over the hybrid instruments like ULIPs required an immediate solution. Since the Parliament was not in session tan Ordinance was passed by the President of India on 18th June 2010. Chapter I of...

Recognition of States

Author : VS Warrier The growth of international law is best understood as an expanding process from a nucleus of entities which have accepted each other’s negative sovereignty and on the basis of consent, are prepared to maintain and possibly expand the scope of their legal relations like most clubs, the society of sovereign states is based on the principle...

Cover note in the Contract of Insurance

Author : VS Warrier A Cover note is an interim receipt issued by the insurer. It is temporary in nature. in practice on making the proposal, the insured company on payment of premium gives a deposit receipt called Cover note. It is also called an Interim Protection Note. It contains the same terms and conditions as that of the future policy to be issued in favour of the insured. It is issued in non-marine...